Tıp Fakültesi

Department Of Ear, Nose And Throat Diseases



Within the field of Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases  (ENT), surgical techniques are employed to treat disorders of the sensory organs, including hearing, balance, taste, and smell; voice and speech disturbances; respiratory and swallowing problems; congenital, developmental, or accidental deformities of the face and neck; and head and neck tumors (such as those affecting the tongue, lips, pharynx, larynx/vocal cords, paranasal sinus cancers, etc.)Diseases affecting the head, neck, nose, throat, and ears are referred to as ENT diseases. Tinnitus, hearing issues, tonsillitis, otitis media, pharyngitis, and rhinitis are a few of these. Diseases of the ears, nose, and throat can be brought on by allergies or infections (bacteria, fungus, viruses). Treatments vary depending on the type of disease.


In addition to general ENT, otolaryngology diseases seen in infants and children in the pediatric ENT department are treated with surgical methods (tonsil surgeries, adenoid surgeries and ear tube insertion).  Ear diseases can be listed as infections (external ear and middle ear), dizziness (vertigo treatment), tympanoplasty (tympanic membrane surgery), tinnitus treatment, hearing loss diagnosis and treatment (audiometry), Meniere’s disease, otosclerosis, cholesteatoma, excessive dirt formation in the ear, acoustic neurinoma, ear cold and fluid accumulation in the ear. Nasal diseases include chronic nasal congestion, sinus diseases, allergic and non-allergic rhinitis (catarrhs), nasal polyps, rhinoplasty (septorhinoplasty), loss of sense of smell, diseases and treatments of the nasal parts of the tear system, masses and tumors of the nose and adjacent regions, and malignant tumors. Oral cavity (mouth) and throat diseases are mainly infections (tonsil infection, laryngitis,  pharyngitis, etc.), adenoid (adenoid vegetation), salivary gland diseases, salivary gland stones, thyroid diseases, vocal diseases, sleep diseases (e.g. obstructive sleep apnea) benign or malignant tumors of all organs located in the head and neck (e.g. tongue, lip, oral cavity, nasal/nasopharynx, pharynx/hypopharynx, larynx, thyroid, salivary gland cancers).


The most commonly used surgical treatments of ENT diseases are; surgical treatment of structural nasal obstructions such as rhinoplasty (septorhinoplasty), septoplasty, concha radiofrequency, tonsil, adenoid, mouth, ear and nose polyp formations surgeries, endoscopic sinus surgery, balloon tuboplasty, tube insertion in the ear, tympanoplasty (tympanic membrane repair), implantable hearing aids, stapes surgery, balloon synoplasty, endoscopic anterior skull base surgery, endoscopic salivary gland surgery, (sialendoscopy), cochlear implantation (bionic ear), surgeries of the nose-related parts of the tear system, surgeries of head and neck region tumors, obstructive sleep apnea surgeries.

About the Department